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HIGH-LEVEL POLITICAL FORUM 2020Side Event

"A Comprehensive Framework on Appropriate Technology Choice for Sustainable Development- An Overall Perspective of Technology in Post-
Pandemic Society"



In order to accelerate action and transformation for the delivery of SDGs, we propose “A Comprehensive
Framework on Appropriate Technology Choice for Sustainable Development”, which innovates on the concept of Appropriate Technology. The framework is consisted of 10 guiding principles that are designed to be applied in both developing and developed countries. If technologies are chosen based on the framework, we believe that the majority of SDGs can be attained. In the context of a post-pandemic society, transformation of societies based on the framework can enhance their security against various risks, including future pandemics and natural disasters.

Recording


Overview

Date

Friday, 10th July, 2020
8:00-9:00 AM (New York Time, UTC-4)

Venue

Online

Speakers/ Commentators

Hitoshi Inoue Ph.D (Pen name: Nao Tanaka) (Executive Director, Asian People’s Exchange)

Rebecca Malay (Director for Advocacy & Development Cooperation, Philippine Rural Reconstruction Movement, the Chair of GCAP Global Foundation)

Elenita Daño (Asia Director, Action Group on Erosion, Technology and Concentration (ETC Group) 

Masaki Inaba (Adviser for Policy Advocacy, Japan Civil Society Network on SDGs)

Main Organizer

Asian People’s Exchange (APEX)
Contact: Minami Jenkinson
e-mail: minami.j@apex-ngo.org, nao-tanaka@apex-ngo.org

Co-Organizers

Japan NGO Center for International Cooperation (JANIC)
Japan Civil Society Network on SDGs
Philippine Rural Reconstruction Movement(PRRM)

(This seminar is supported by the Japan Fund for Global Environment of the Environmental Restoration and Conservation Agency.)

Registration

Please register from the link below. 
https://atfj.jp/comprehensiveframework/hlpfregistrationform/

Details

Download the full document (PDF) below

Comprehensive Framework on Appropriate Technology Choice for Sustainable Development(English, PDF)

Theme of the event

Despite efforts made during the first four years of implementation towards Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), the world is still not on track to deliver them by 2030. Furthermore, the outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic is threatening the health of people across the world, and also pushing tens of millions of people back into extreme poverty. In order to accelerate action and transformation for the delivery of SDGs, it is necessary to make clear what kind of economic systems, social systems, and technologies should be developed and applied to achieve these targets. From a technological viewpoint, recent developments, such as artificial intelligence, autonomous vehicles, space development, and advanced medicine are considered promising, and major research and development resources are allocated towards them. Although these technologies may be attractive and useful, it is doubtful whether the development of these technologies is consistent with the attainment of SDGs. To achieve SDGs, we should choose, develop and use technologies that are appropriate to these goals.

When considering what kinds of technologies are necessary for the future, appropriate technology movements –which were primarily active between the mid-1960s to the mid-1980s– provide useful hints and inspiration. The targets that are aimed for with appropriate technologies are generally consistent with those of SDGs. However, shortly after the mid-1980s, appropriate technology movements became less active. The process of revitalising these movements whilst compensating for their shortcomings may be one of the most effective ways to create a system of technologies capable of achieving sustainable development. An analysis of these movements reveals that the ambiguous nature of appropriate technologies, and the lack of an approved framework supported by diverse people and organisations across various sectors of society explain why these movements declined. In light of this, we started to work on developing a Comprehensive Framework on Appropriate Technology Choice1 for Sustainable Development.

When exploring the required technologies for sustainable development, it is useful to consider contemporary world issues in three categories: poverty and inequality, environment and natural resource depletion, and dehumanisation. These matters all derive from the same root and all contribute to making the world unsustainable. Identifying the root of these problems as the development of industrialized societies driven by capitalism and modern technologies, in the proposed side event, we would like to propose the framework as follows.


Comprehensive Framework on Appropriate Technology Choice for Sustainable Development
§Solving poverty and inequality problems
      P-1. Choosing and developing technologies that are appropriate for local conditions and directly  
              contribute to poverty reduction
      P-2. Creating job opportunities appropriate to local context
§Solving environment and natural resource depletion problems
      E-1. Limited things should be treated as limited things
         E-1.a Refraining from using non-renewable resources as much as possible, especially
                   fossil fuels
         E-1.b Refraining from discharging wastes, wastewater and exhaust gas without proper
                   treatment and avoiding greenhouse effect gas emissions
      E-2. Developing a society based on sustainable resources
      E-3. Not disturbing the balance and cyclical process of the ecosystem
      E-4. Giving priority to small-scale, decentralised systems
      E-5. Recognising the limits of modern science and technology and respecting nature
§ Solving dehumanisation problems
      D-1. Appreciating and extending non-commercial production and work
      D-2. Using technologies controllable by people
      D-3. Using technologies that develop human resources

The framework is designed to be applied to technology choices in both developing and developed countries, and if technologies are chosen based on the framework, we believe the majority of SDGs can be attained. Also, in the context of a post-pandemic society, transformation of societies using these 10 principles can enhance their security against various risks, including future pandemics and natural disasters. In particular, technology choices giving priority to small-scale, decentralized systems (E-4) using technologies controllable by people (D-2) and appropriate for local conditions (P-1) can make local societies resilient to the risks.
Therefore, a technology system based on the framework should form the core of future technology systems of the world. The principles and direction described will act as a foundation for more concrete and practical proposals regarding technology choice depending on the local/specific conditions in each individual case and the following implementation.



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